It is important for the nurse to be aware of the physiological dynamics of surgical diuresis. After a major surgical procedure that produces high physiologic and psychological stress, increased secretion of antidiuretic hormone causes fluid retention within the vascular space. As stress after surgery decreases, ADH and other hormones, such as glucocorticosteroids, begin to drop to normal values, and the fluid that was held in reserve is excreted. This increase in urine volume a few days after surgery is sometimes referred to as a surgical diuresis. It is important for nurses to consider this type of fluid retention and related increase in urine specific gravity in the immediate post-operative patient to avoid excessive fluid replacement.
The drug's most common side effects are poor or reduced appetite, vomiting, lack of energy, diarrhea, and weakness. Occasionally, more serious side effects, including bloody diarrhea, collapse, severe sodium/potassium imbalance, and destruction of the adrenal gland may occur, and may result in death. In 2014, with input from CVM, the manufacturer updated the information about patient monitoring and side effects on the package insert. Although not proven to be caused by Vetoryl, some additional side effects reported to CVM and now included on the package insert are adrenal insufficiency, shaking, elevated liver enzymes and elevated kidney tests.